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The Unique Wildlife of Cyprus

Discover the Unique Wildlife of Cyprus – Celebrating 35 Years

this jewel of the Mediterranean, is renowned not only for its rich history and stunning landscapes but also for its diverse and unique wildlife of cyprus, both on land and in its surrounding seas.

Let’s take an in-depth journey through the unique wildlife of Cyprus and its natural wonders, focusing on the fantastic creatures you can encounter, including dolphins, turtles, birds, and a plethora of flora and fauna.

the Unique Wildlife of Cyprus – Marine Marvels: Dolphins and Turtles

Unique Wildlife of Cyprus - Bottlenose Dolphin


The waters around Cyprus, particularly near Polis and Latchi, are a haven for various dolphin species. The most commonly spotted are the Bottlenose Dolphins, known for their intelligence and playful nature. These dolphins often form pods and can be seen leaping gracefully from the sea, providing a spectacular show for those lucky enough to witness it. Occasionally, you might also spot the rarer Striped and Risso’s dolphins, each with their unique markings and behaviours. The Striped Dolphin, with its striking blue and white bands, and the Risso’s Dolphin, distinguished by its blunt head and scar-covered body, add to the magical marine tapestry of Cyprus.


Cyprus is a critical nesting ground for two endangered species of sea turtles: the Loggerhead and the Green Turtle. These majestic creatures come ashore to lay their eggs on the beaches of Lara Bay, Polis, and Latchi from May to August. Observing a turtle hatchling’s journey to the sea is a magical experience, underscoring the island’s commitment to conservation. The temperature of the sand determines the sex of the hatchlings, a fascinating aspect of their biology that is crucial for maintaining balanced populations. The Green Turtle, with its herbivorous diet and streamlined shell, contrasts with the Loggerhead, which is known for its large head and powerful jaws designed to crush hard-shelled prey.

Conservation Efforts

In the Republic of Cyprus, various organizations work tirelessly to protect these marine marvels. The Cyprus Department of Fisheries and Marine Research, for instance, implements comprehensive monitoring and protection programs for sea turtles. Additionally, initiatives funded by the European Union, such as the LIFE EUROTURTLES project, focus on improving the conservation status of these endangered species across the Mediterranean. Community-based conservation efforts, including volunteer beach clean-ups and public awareness campaigns, play a pivotal role in protecting the delicate marine ecosystems.

Avian Abundance and the unique wildlife of cyprus

The skies of Cyprus are a sanctuary for an array of bird species. The Akamas Peninsula, in particular, is a birdwatcher’s paradise. You can spot the majestic Eleonora’s Falcon, known for its late breeding season timed to coincide with the autumn migration of small birds, which are its primary food source. The colourful European Roller, with its bright blue plumage and acrobatic flight, is another stunning sight. The endemic Cyprus Warbler, a small bird with distinctive black and white markings, adds to the island’s unique avian diversity. Migratory birds also make a stop in Cyprus, with flamingos gracing the salt lakes in winter, creating a pink-hued spectacle against the backdrop of serene waters. The diverse habitats, from coastal wetlands to dense forests, support this rich avian diversity, making Cyprus a vital stopover for many migratory species.

Bird Conservation

BirdLife Cyprus plays a crucial role in protecting the island’s avian habitats. Their work includes managing essential bird areas (IBAs), conducting scientific research, and advocating for bird conservation policies. The European Union’s Natura 2000 network, which includes places like the Akamas Peninsula, provides critical habitat protection for these bird species, ensuring their survival and the preservation of their natural habitats. Conservation initiatives often involve habitat restoration, such as the creation of artificial wetlands and the planting of native vegetation to support bird populations.

Flora and Fauna: unique wildlife of cyprus Land Wonders

The Akamas Peninsula is a protected area under the Natura 2000 network, preserving its unique ecosystems. Here, you’ll find endemic plants like the Cyprus Tulip, a rare and beautiful flower with delicate petals, and the Akamas Violet, known for its vibrant purple blooms. Alongside these, a variety of orchids and the vibrant Turban Buttercup, with its striking yellow flowers, thrive in the region’s diverse habitats. The peninsula’s dense forests are home to mammals such as the Cyprus Mouflon, a wild sheep species unique to the island, and the shy Mediterranean Monk Seal, which occasionally basks on secluded beaches. The Mouflon, with its impressive curved horns, symbolizes Cyprus’s wildlife heritage. At the same time, the Monk Seal, critically endangered and elusive, represents the need for ongoing conservation efforts.

Flora and Fauna Conservation

Cyprus’s flora and fauna benefit from extensive conservation efforts. The Department of Forests, along with various NGOs, actively manages these natural resources, ensuring that endemic species and their habitats are preserved. The European Union’s LIFE program has funded numerous projects aimed at habitat restoration and species protection, reflecting a broader commitment to environmental sustainability. Educational programs and eco-tourism initiatives help raise awareness about the importance of preserving Cyprus’s unique biodiversity.

Unique Wildlife of Cyprus - Natura 2000

The Role of Natura 2000 in the Unique Wildlife of Cyprus

Natura 2000 is a network of nature protection areas in the territory of the European Union. It aims to assure the long-term survival of Europe’s most valuable and threatened species and habitats. In Cyprus, the network covers diverse ecosystems, from coastal areas to mountainous regions, ensuring that significant natural habitats are preserved. The Akamas Peninsula, designated as a Natura 2000 site, is a testament to these efforts, protecting its rich biodiversity and offering a sanctuary for both flora and fauna. The network’s management involves rigorous scientific monitoring and community engagement to maintain and enhance the ecological value of these protected areas.

Local and EU Support for the Conservation of the Unique Wildlife of Cyprus

The Republic of Cyprus, supported by the European Union, invests heavily in conservation. EU funds support a range of projects under the LIFE program, focusing on species and habitat protection, sustainable land use, and environmental education. Local organizations, backed by community efforts, play a vital role in these initiatives, promoting awareness and fostering a culture of conservation. Collaborative efforts between governmental bodies, NGOs, and local communities ensure the effective implementation of conservation strategies, benefiting both wildlife and the people of Cyprus

The Unique Wildlife of Cyprus @ George's Watersports

Explore the unique wildlife of cyprus with George’s Watersports

Experience the wonder of Cyprus’s wildlife firsthand with George’s Watersports. Our boat hire services offer the chance to observe dolphins frolicking in the waves or explore the rugged coastline where turtles nest.

Dive into the underwater world with our snorkelling trips or enjoy a leisurely cruise to the Blue Lagoon, where you might catch a glimpse of the elusive Monk Seal. With our knowledgeable guides, you’ll gain insights into the rich biodiversity of the region and the ongoing conservation efforts that help protect it.

Ready for an adventure? Discover the natural splendour of Cyprus with George’s Watersports. Your unforgettable wildlife encounter awaits!

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